Birds of Liberia

Liberia contains an astounding 695 bird species, for its area of 111,369 squared kilometers. The country is almost completely in the Upper Guinea Forest (UGF), so this number should not be surprising as the UGF is an Endemic Bird and Biodiversity Area.

Liberian Greenbul is found only in Liberia. The bird is speculated to be a locally mutated member of the more widespread Icterine Greenbul as it has not been recorded since the first sighting. The Gola Malimbe is found in Liberia, with a few populations in neighboring countries.

Lagden’s Bush Shrike is found only in Liberia, Cote d’Ivoire, and Sierra Leone.

Many of the birds of Liberia are regionally endemic,  being restricted to the Upper Guinea Forest hotspot, and are found in Liberia, Cote d’Ivoire, Guinea and Sierra Leone such as the White-breasted Guinea fowl, Rufous Fishing Owl, Black-headed Rufous Warbler, and Nimba Flycatcher.

Others are found only in these four countries and Ghana, such as the Brown-cheeked Hornbill, Green Tailed Bristlebill, Sharpe’s Apalis, Ussher’s Flycatcher, Yellow-headed Pichathartes, Copper Tailed Glossy Starling and Red Fronted Antpecker.

Some are rather scattered across western Africa, but limited in range regardless: the African Barred Owlet is found in Liberia, Cote d’Ivoire, Cameroun and Chad; Shelley’s Eagle Owl is found in Liberia, Cote d’Ivoire, Sierra Leone, Cameroun and Gabon; the Little Green Woodpecker is found in Liberia, Ghana, Cote d’Ivoire, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Guinea Bissau and Senegal; the Rufous-winged Illadopsis is found in Liberia, Ghana, Cote d’Ivoire, Guinea and Sierra Leone, with one isolated population in South western Senegal (and); the Crimson Seedcracker is found in Liberia, Ghana, Cote d’Ivoire, Guinea and Sierra Leone, as well as Guinea Bissau, Senegal and The Gambia.

All Hornbills, Parrots, Turacos, Birds of prey, and Owls, as well as the Yellow-headed Pichathartes and White-breasted Guineafowl are protected in Liberia.

The country has six Important Bird Areas, two of which are also protected areas.
Most birders in Liberia, however, get a chance to view only those offered around Monrovia, the country’s capital.

The top 10 most commonly seen birds around the city can be found here.



African Bird Club (Birds of Liberia)

Birds of Western Africa (2008). Burrow, Nik; Demey, Ron