Chrysobalanus icaco subsp. icaco

Chrysobalanus icaco subsp. icaco


Chrysobalanaceae


Habit

Tree


Fern

No


Predominant Habitat

Forest


Geographic Distribution

Liberia


IUCN Red-List

Not assessed


Synonyms

Chrysobalanus orbicularis; Chrysobalanus ellipticus


Author (Species)

Linné


Rank

-


Taxon

-


Author (Sub Species/Variant)

-


Literature

BJBB 46: 272


Vouchers

Bos 2004 (BR, K, WAG); Jongkind 6140 (WAG)


Common Name(s)

Not Known


Notes

This subspecies grows as a small tree to about 20 cm across, in the brakish swamps bordering the mangrove forests. Its leaves are more rounded at the top than ssp. atacorensis. Close to the water it can form a dense shrubbery of low shrubs. Leaves simple, alternate; laterals not pronounced;venation not very distinct. The purplish fruits of about 2.5 cm long are edible – at least the fruit pulp around the hard seed.

Dactyladenia smeathmannii

Dactyladenia smeathmannii


Chrysobalanaceae


Habit

Tree


Fern

No


Predominant Habitat

Forest


Geographic Distribution

Liberia (near endemic)


IUCN Red-List

Not assessed


Synonyms

Acioa unwinii


Author (Species)

(Baillon) Prance & White


Rank

-


Taxon

-


Author (Sub Species/Variant)

-


Literature

Brittonia 31: 486


Vouchers

Jansen 2268 (WAG); van Meer 273 (WAG)


Common Name(s)

Not Known


Notes

-

Dactyladenia hirsuta

Dactyladenia hirsuta


Chrysobalanaceae


Habit

Tree


Fern

No


Predominant Habitat

Forest


Geographic Distribution

Liberia (likely to occur)


IUCN Red-List

Endangered


Synonyms

Acioa hirsuta


Author (Species)

(A.Chevalier ex De Wild.) Prance & White


Rank

-


Taxon

-


Author (Sub Species/Variant)

-


Literature

Brittonia 31: 485


Vouchers

-


Common Name(s)

Not Known


Notes

-

Magnistipula butayei

Magnistipula butayei


Chrysobalanaceae


Habit

Tree


Fern

No


Predominant Habitat

Forest


Geographic Distribution

Liberia


IUCN Red-List

Not assessed


Synonyms

Hirtella butayei


Author (Species)

De Wildeman


Rank

ssp.


Taxon

sargosii


Author (Sub Species/Variant)

(Pellegr.) F.White


Literature

BJBB 46: 281


Vouchers

Adam 20814 (P)


Common Name(s)

Not Known


Notes

Forest tree to 30 m, without buttresses, favoring swampy areas in the rainforest or coastal zone. Slash purple-red. Mature fruits hairy with the taste and size of an apple. Leaves simple, alternate, with small glands at base of the blade.

Parinari excelsa subsp. excelsa

Parinari excelsa subsp. excelsa


Chrysobalanaceae


Habit

Tree


Fern

No


Predominant Habitat

Unclassified


Geographic Distribution


IUCN Red-List

Not assessed


Synonyms

-


Author (Species)

-


Rank

-


Taxon

-


Author (Sub Species/Variant)

-


Literature

-


Vouchers

-


Common Name(s)

Not Known


Notes

A widespread species, often quite gregarious; can grow into a dominant tree to 45 m tall and 150 cm Ø. Base of the tree variable, with low root spurs when young and thick, narrow buttresses when older. Crown a vast-spreading dome with heavy branches, often with many epiphytes. Foliage often rather reddish when seen from below. The yellowish-grey bark densely covered with warty lenticels, scaly with large, irregular scales. Slash hard and brittle-granular, red – pale brown with brighter inclusions, moist with some clear watery sap. Leaves simple, alternate, petiole 5 – 13 mm long, with a pair of obscure or distinct glands halfway. Blade elliptic, 6 – 13 x 2.5 – 5 cm, with 15 – 22 pairs of laterals. Fruits ovoid, 2.5 – 6 cm long x 1.5 – 4 cm across, rough with warty spots (“rough skin plum”); mesocarp mealy, 4 – 8 mm thick, eaten by many animals. See also PROTA database. See also Parinar excelsa subsp. holstii.

Maranthes chrysophylla

Maranthes chrysophylla


Chrysobalanaceae


Habit

Tree


Fern

No


Predominant Habitat

Forest


Geographic Distribution

Liberia


IUCN Red-List

Not assessed


Synonyms

Parinari chrysophylla


Author (Species)

(Oliver) Prance


Rank

-


Taxon

-


Author (Sub Species/Variant)

-


Literature

BJBB 46: 295


Vouchers

Harley 1320 (WAG); Jongkind 5317 (WAG)


Common Name(s)

su-nassa (Gio) poi (Lorma)


Notes

Can grow into a tall tree to 40 m, resembling M. aubrevillei but with very characteristic rusty red-brown foliage. Leaves simple, alternate, reddish-brown pubescent beneath, with a pair of glands at the base. Red monkeys use this tree as a hiding place. See also PROTA database. Syn.: Parinari chrysophylla.

Dactyladenia whytei

Dactyladenia whytei


Chrysobalanaceae


Habit

Tree


Fern

No


Predominant Habitat

Forest


Geographic Distribution

Upper Guinean Forest


IUCN Red-List

Not assessed


Synonyms

Acioa whytei


Author (Species)

(Stapf) Prance & F.White


Rank

-


Taxon

-


Author (Sub Species/Variant)

-


Literature

Brittonia 31: 486


Vouchers

Jongkind 6018 (WAG); Leeuwenberg 4891 (BR, K, WAG)


Common Name(s)

Not Known


Notes

Shrub with spreading, sarmentose crown; twigs silky hairy; stipules with glandular, thread-like teeth at base. Leaves simple, alternate, with entire, recurved margin, acute apex and rounded – slightly cordate base. 5 – 7 pairs of laterals.

Maranthes robusta

Maranthes robusta


Chrysobalanaceae


Habit

Tree


Fern


Predominant Habitat


Geographic Distribution


IUCN Red-List


Synonyms

Parinari robusta


Author (Species)

(Oliv.) Prance


Rank


Taxon


Author (Sub Species/Variant)


Literature


Vouchers


Common Name(s)


Notes

Medium-sized tree of riversides and swamps, especially in the drier semi-deciduous forest. Not yet recorded from Liberia. See also PROTA database. Syn.: Parinari robusta.

Parinari excelsa

Parinari excelsa


Chrysobalanaceae


Habit

Tree


Fern

No


Predominant Habitat

Forest


Geographic Distribution

Liberia


IUCN Red-List

Not assessed


Synonyms

-


Author (Species)

Sabine


Rank

-


Taxon

-


Author (Sub Species/Variant)

-


Literature

BJBB 46: 333


Vouchers

de Gier 113 (WAG); Jongkind 6187 (WAG)


Common Name(s)

Not Known


Notes

A widespread species, often quite gregarious; can grow into a dominant tree to 45 m tall and 150 cm Ø. Base of the tree variable, with low root spurs when young and thick, narrow buttresses when older. Crown a vast-spreading dome with heavy branches, often with many epiphytes. Foliage often rather reddish when seen from below. The yellowish-grey bark densely covered with warty lenticels, scaly with large, irregular scales. Slash hard and brittle-granular, red – pale brown with brighter inclusions, moist with some clear watery sap. Leaves simple, alternate, petiole 5 – 13 mm long, with a pair of obscure or distinct glands halfway. Blade elliptic, 6 – 13 x 2.5 – 5 cm, with 15 – 22 pairs of laterals. Fruits ovoid, 2.5 – 6 cm long x 1.5 – 4 cm across, rough with warty spots (“rough skin plum”); mesocarp mealy, 4 – 8 mm thick, eaten by many animals. See also PROTA database. See also Parinar excelsa subsp. holstii.

Maranthes glabra

Maranthes glabra


Chrysobalanaceae


Habit

Tree


Fern

No


Predominant Habitat

Forest


Geographic Distribution

Liberia


IUCN Red-List

Not assessed


Synonyms

Parinari glabra


Author (Species)

(Oliver) Prance


Rank

-


Taxon

-


Author (Sub Species/Variant)

-


Literature

BJBB 46: 300


Vouchers

Bos 2014 (BR, K, WAG); Jongkind 6755 (WAG)


Common Name(s)

Tussoubu (Sapo)


Notes

Tree of evergreen and swampy semi-deciduous forest, to 30 m high and 100 cm Ø. The tree somewhat resembles Parinari excelsa but has only narrow, low buttresses; the yellowish bark is covered with lenticels; slash hard and granular, pink-red on the buttresses, dark red on the bole, moist, exuding a yellowish exudate turning red. Leaves simple, alternate, with a pair of glands near de the base. Fruits ovoid, 3.5 x 2.5 cm, glabrous. See also PROTA database.