Garcinia ovalifolia

Garcinia ovalifolia


Guttiferae


Habit

Tree


Fern

No


Predominant Habitat

Forest


Geographic Distribution

Liberia


IUCN Red-List

Not assessed


Synonyms

-


Author (Species)

Oliv.


Rank

-


Taxon

-


Author (Sub Species/Variant)

-


Literature

FWTA 1: 294


Vouchers

Jongkind 9094 (WAG)


Common Name(s)

Not Known


Notes

Small tree or shrub of drier forests/savanna forest. Leaf narrowly elliptic/oblanceolate, with straight, fairly close, inconspicuous laterals and ascending resin ducts crossing the laterals.

Allanblackia parviflora

Allanblackia parviflora


Guttiferae


Habit

Tree


Fern

No


Predominant Habitat

Forest


Geographic Distribution

Upper Guinean Forest


IUCN Red-List

Not assessed


Synonyms

Allanblackia floribunda


Author (Species)

A.Chevalier


Rank

-


Taxon

-


Author (Sub Species/Variant)

-


Literature

BJBB 39: 351


Vouchers

Harley 1182 (WAG); Jansen 1903 (BR, WAG)


Common Name(s)

Not Known


Notes

Can grow into a tree of 25 m tall and 80 cm Ø; most common in the wetter parts of the rainforest. It is a straight tree; the crown is small and dense with numerous fairly short, horizontal branches. Big fruits with numerous, oil-rich seeds. Evergreen, dioecious medium-sized tree, without buttresses; bark surface yellowish brown or reddish brown, with small, irregular scales, inner bark reddish brown with sometimes pale yellow streaks, exuding a colourless or pale yellowish sap or exuding a thick yellowish latex. Leaves opposite, simple and entire; stipules absent; petiole 1-1.5 cm long, grooved above; blade elliptical to narrowly obovate, 12-25 cm × 5-9 cm, base cuneate, apex acuminate, thinly leathery, glabrous, shiny above, pinnately veined with numerous, straight, laterals. See also PROTA database. Syn.: Allanblackia floribunda.

Symphonia globulifera

Symphonia globulifera


Guttiferae


Habit

Tree


Fern

No


Predominant Habitat

Forest


Geographic Distribution

Liberia


IUCN Red-List

Not assessed


Synonyms

Symphonia gabonensis


Author (Species)

Linné f.


Rank

-


Taxon

-


Author (Sub Species/Variant)

-


Literature

FWTA 1: 293


Vouchers

Baldwin 11183 (K); Voorhoeve 855 (WAG)


Common Name(s)

symphonia (Liberian english/ local name/ trade name)


Notes

A medium-sized tree of 25 m tall and 75 cm Ø, in swamps and low lying flatlands; base usually with stilt roots; crown of short, horizontal, whorled branches. Bark fairly smooth, slash pale yellow, with pale yellow latex. Leaves simple, opposite, with numerous fine parallel laterals without resin ducts in between. Flowers in red clusters. Leaves smaller than those of Pentadesma, lacking resin ducts. See also PROTA database. Syn.: Symphonia gabonensis.

Garcinia epunctata

Garcinia epunctata


Guttiferae


Habit

Tree


Fern

No


Predominant Habitat

Forest


Geographic Distribution

Liberia


IUCN Red-List

Not assessed


Synonyms

-


Author (Species)

Stapf


Rank

-


Taxon

-


Author (Sub Species/Variant)

-


Literature

BJBB 39: 364


Vouchers

Jongkind 7232 (WAG); de Wilde 3729 (WAG)


Common Name(s)

Not Known


Notes

Rainforest tree with thick, gritty, yellow-orange slash. Leaves simple, opposite, with the main laterals closely parallel and resin ducts as thin black lines more ascending than the laterals. Blade apex caudate.

Garcinia smeathmannii

Garcinia smeathmannii


Guttiferae


Habit

Tree


Fern

No


Predominant Habitat

Forest


Geographic Distribution

Liberia


IUCN Red-List

Not assessed


Synonyms

Garcinia polyantha


Author (Species)

(Planchon & Triana) Oliver


Rank

-


Taxon

-


Author (Sub Species/Variant)

-


Literature

FWTA 1: 295


Vouchers

Jongkind 5495 (WAG); Voorhoeve 1291 (WAG)


Common Name(s)

Slutueh (Sapo)


Notes

Usually a small tree but can grow into a tree of 25 m and 40 cm Ø. Fairly rare. Dark orangeish scaly bark, exuding some yellow latex. Leaves leathery with numerous laterals ± reaching the margin, but apparently missing the ascending resin ducts seen in other GArcinia species. Syn.: Garcinia polyantha.

Pentadesma butyracea

Pentadesma butyracea


Guttiferae


Habit

Tree


Fern

No


Predominant Habitat

Forest


Geographic Distribution

Liberia


IUCN Red-List

Not assessed


Synonyms

-


Author (Species)

Sabine


Rank

-


Taxon

-


Author (Sub Species/Variant)

-


Literature

FWTA 1: 291


Vouchers

Jansen 1695 (WAG); Voorhoeve 470 (WAG)


Common Name(s)

Plyleh (grebo) timber-lacewood (Liberian english/ local name/ trade name) Clawon (Mano) Dolweh (Sapo)


Notes

Can grow into a high forest tree of 20 m tall and 80 cm Ø. Can be confused with Allanblackia but Pentadesma is grooved, the bark scales are ± rectangular. Slash soft and brittle, reddish, often with alternating darker and lighter layers, exuding a pale yellow latex from the cambium layer. Leaves simple, opposite, 7 – 18 x 3 – 7 cm, with numerous fine parallel laterals joining a marginal nerve; resin ducts between the laterals Big, pulpy fruits to 15 x 10 cm, with remnants of bundles of stamens. The big seeds are edible. The tree has a very strong taproot.

Garcinia gnetoides

Garcinia gnetoides


Guttiferae


Habit

Tree


Fern

No


Predominant Habitat

Forest


Geographic Distribution

Liberia


IUCN Red-List

Not assessed


Synonyms

Garcinia granulata


Author (Species)

Hutch. & Dalziel


Rank

-


Taxon

-


Author (Sub Species/Variant)

-


Literature

FWTA 1: 294


Vouchers

Linder 1481 (K, WAG); Stoop – v.d. Kasteele 57 (WAG)


Common Name(s)

Not Known


Notes

Shrub or small tree to 10 m, rainforest, rare. Twigs sharply 2 – 4 angled, or wide at the nodes. Bark scaly, orange; slash exuding a white latex. The twigs look similar to those of Napoleonaea alata, green and winged, but have opposite leaves, Napoleonaea alata has alternate leaves. Leaves simple, opposite, numerous parrallel laterals, ascending resin ducts poorly visible. Syn.: Garcinia granulata, but perhaps G. granulata is a distinct species.

Mammea africana

Mammea africana


Guttiferae


Habit

Tree


Fern

No


Predominant Habitat

Forest


Geographic Distribution

Liberia


IUCN Red-List

Not assessed


Synonyms

-


Author (Species)

Sabine


Rank

-


Taxon

-


Author (Sub Species/Variant)

-


Literature

FWTA 1: 293


Vouchers

van Dillewijn 47 (WAG); de Wilde 3822 (WAG)


Common Name(s)

mammea (oboto) (Liberian english/ local name/ trade name) Tokolea/ Tokulue (Sapo)


Notes

Can grow into a tall tree of 30 m and 100 cm Ø; fairly common in the wettest rainforests. Base with narrow buttresses; slash dark red with some yellow latex. Leaves simple, opposite, with numerous laterals, the fine venation with conspicuous dots at the end of the veins; no resin ducts between the veins. See also PROTA database.

Garcinia afzelii

Garcinia afzelii


Guttiferae


Habit

Tree


Fern

No


Predominant Habitat

Forest


Geographic Distribution

Liberia


IUCN Red-List

Vulnerable


Synonyms

-


Author (Species)

Engler


Rank

-


Taxon

-


Author (Sub Species/Variant)

-


Literature

FWTA 1: 295; Flore Mt Nimba 1: 391


Vouchers

Jongkind 6304 (WAG);


Common Name(s)

Not Known


Notes

Small to medium sized tree of dry forests, usually on wet soils. Leaves with the main laterals closely parallel and resin ducts as thin black lines more ascending than the laterals. Laterals joining a sub-marginal nerve. Slash creamy, brittle, with some viscid or yellowish exudate. Fruit ± spherical, about 2.5 cm Ø. Roots are used to chew on and to clean teeth.

Garcinia kola

Garcinia kola


Guttiferae


Habit

Tree


Fern

No


Predominant Habitat

Forest


Geographic Distribution

Liberia


IUCN Red-List

Vulnerable


Synonyms

-


Author (Species)

Heckel


Rank

-


Taxon

-


Author (Sub Species/Variant)

-


Literature

FWTA 1: 294


Vouchers

Cooper 216 (BM, K); Dinklage 1612 (K)


Common Name(s)

Melingtueh (Sapo)


Notes

Can grow into a tall tree of drier forests, rare in the rainforest, to 30 m tall and 100 cm Ø, sometimes with a low-branched crown. Outside of the slash red-brown, gritty, inside pale brown, hard and granular, often contoured, exuding a bright yellow exudate. Leaves sismple, opposite, main laterals not closely parallel; pattern of fine, ascending resin ducts.