Entandrophragma angolense

Entandrophragma angolense


Meliaceae


Habit

Tree


Fern

No


Predominant Habitat

Forest


Geographic Distribution

Liberia


IUCN Red-List

Vulnerable


Synonyms

-


Author (Species)

(Welwitsch) DC.


Rank

-


Taxon

-


Author (Sub Species/Variant)

-


Literature

FWTA 1: 700; Voorhoeve, 1979: 249


Vouchers

Jongkind 9551 (WAG); Voorhoeve 1312 (WAG)


Common Name(s)

Not Known


Notes

A truly emergent tree, to 50 m high and 180 cm Ø, found mostly in the semi-deciduous forest zone but penetrating into the rainforest zone. Old trees have formidable buttresses, up to 6 m high and spreading in high, thick root ridges far from the tree. The bark is fairly smooth, grayish or yellowish or reddish brown, with scattered lenticels, peeling off in irregular thin and large bark plates, leaving shallow, bright, light brown mussel shell markings. Slash pinkish-reddish, with faint ripple marks. Leaves ipari-pinnate, clustered, with sub-opposite leaflets; tip of leaflet folded. Distinct leaf scars on twigs. See also PROTA database.

Turraeanthus africanus

Turraeanthus africanus


Meliaceae


Habit

Tree


Fern

No


Predominant Habitat

Forest


Geographic Distribution

Liberia


IUCN Red-List

Vulnerable


Synonyms

-


Author (Species)

(Welwitsch ex C.DC.) Pellegrin


Rank

-


Taxon

-


Author (Sub Species/Variant)

-


Literature

FWTA 1: 707


Vouchers

Voorhoeve 1169 (WAG); Voorhoeve 1174 (WAG)


Common Name(s)

Blimahpuh (Bassa) avodire (Liberian english/ local name/ trade name)


Notes

A good-sized tree to 35 m and 100 cm Ø but usually smaller, scattered but sometimes in groups, in rain forest and semi-deciduous forest. Base of the tree with thick, low root spurs or small buttresses, on older specimens extending into wide spreading surface roots and large ridges along the stem. Bark fairly smooth, vertically and shallowly grooved, sometimes with vertical rows of lenticels, more scaly on older trees. Leaves pinnate with (sub-)alternate leaflets. very long and clustered at the end of the twigs, somewhat like Trichoscypha species and Pierreodendron. However, the strong cedar smell of the slash is characteristic. Fruit a sub-globose capsule, 2 – 5 lobed, impressed at the top, orange when ripe, containing 2 – 5 seeds enclosed in a yellow aril.

Ekebergia senegalensis

Ekebergia senegalensis


Meliaceae


Habit

Tree


Fern

No


Predominant Habitat

Forest


Geographic Distribution

Liberia


IUCN Red-List

Not assessed


Synonyms

-


Author (Species)

A.Juss.


Rank

-


Taxon

-


Author (Sub Species/Variant)

-


Literature

FWTA 1: 705; Voorhoeve, 1979: 248


Vouchers

Voorhoeve 250 (WAG)


Common Name(s)

Not Known


Notes

A medium-sized tree of the dry forest regions in Guinea and Ivory Coast; in Liberia found on the ridge in the Gio National Forest and in the Nimba region. Slash fragrant? Leaves clusterted, imparipinnate; leaflets slightly asymmetric at base; tip of the leaflet acute/acuminate; fruits yellow – red (?), spotted. See also PROTA database. Syn.: Ekebergia capensis (in PROTA).

Khaya ivorensis

Khaya ivorensis


Meliaceae


Habit

Tree


Fern

No


Predominant Habitat

Forest


Geographic Distribution

Liberia (likely to occur)


IUCN Red-List

Vulnerable


Synonyms

-


Author (Species)

A.Chevalier


Rank

-


Taxon

-


Author (Sub Species/Variant)

-


Literature

FWTA 1: 699; Voorhoeve, 1979: 271


Vouchers

-


Common Name(s)

khaya (acajou d afrique) (Liberian english/ local name/ trade name)


Notes

Tall tree resembling Khaya anthotheca but the bark is more scaly, the slash more bitter and scented; leaves have usually 6 pairs of opposite leaflets; the fruits and winged seeds look very similar. Although a tree of the evergreen forest it seems to be rare in Liberia as compared to Ivory Coast. See also PROTA database.

Trichilia martineaui

Trichilia martineaui


Meliaceae


Habit

Tree


Fern

No


Predominant Habitat

Forest


Geographic Distribution

Liberia (likely to occur)


IUCN Red-List

Not assessed


Synonyms

-


Author (Species)

Aubréville & Pellegrin


Rank

-


Taxon

-


Author (Sub Species/Variant)

-


Literature

Med.LHW 68-2: 96; Voorhoeve, 1979: 248


Vouchers

-


Common Name(s)

Not Known


Notes

Rather tall tree, to30 (45?) m high and 100 cm Ø, scattered in rain forests and semi-deciduous forests of low or medium elevation, recorded from Sierra Leone and Ivory Coast, and recently also in Liberia. In the Nimba region sometimes abundant. Base without or with low buttresses. Bark about 1.5 cm thick, longitudinally fissured, peeling off in small, more or less rectangular grey green scales. Slash pale pinkish, rapidly turning brown on exposure, near the cambium slowly exuding some sticky, cream-coloured latex. Leaves impari-pinnate with opposite leaflets. Fruit a markedly stalked, (2) 3-chambered capsule, sub-globose or pear-shaped, about 2.5 – 3 cm across, shortly tomentose, opening with three valves. Seeds usually 2 in each chamber, nearly entirely covered with a orange-red aril.

Trichilia monadelpha

Trichilia monadelpha


Meliaceae


Habit

Tree


Fern

No


Predominant Habitat

Forest


Geographic Distribution

Liberia


IUCN Red-List

Not assessed


Synonyms

Trichilia heudelotii


Author (Species)

(Thonning) J.J.de Wilde


Rank

-


Taxon

-


Author (Sub Species/Variant)

-


Literature

Med.LHW 68-2: 108


Vouchers

Jongkind 6516 (WAG); de Wilde 3642 (BR, K, WAG)


Common Name(s)

Not Known


Notes

Medium tree, common along rivers and in secondary forests, but also as understory tree in the high forest, to 15 m high and 30 (-50) cm Ø. Base not or only slightly buttressed; stem often low branching. Bark thin, about 5mm, smooth; slash pale brownish or ink, rapidly turning ochre to pale-brown, with a cedar smell, sometimes exuding some creamy-white latex from near the cambium. Leaves impari-pinnate with (sub-)opposite leaflets. Leaflets papery, along channelled rachis.Fruit a usually 3-chambered capsule of 1.5 – 2.5 cm Ø, reddish, pinkish grey or purplish, opening with 3 valves; seeds 2 black in each chamber, for 2/3 covered by a scarlet or orange-red aril. This is probably the most common Trichilia species, formerly known as T. heudelotii. See also PROTA database. Syn.: Trichilia heudelotii.

Lovoa trichilioides

Lovoa trichilioides


Meliaceae


Habit

Tree


Fern

No


Predominant Habitat

Forest


Geographic Distribution

Liberia


IUCN Red-List

Vulnerable


Synonyms

Lovoa klaineana


Author (Species)

Harms


Rank

-


Taxon

-


Author (Sub Species/Variant)

-


Literature

FWTA 1: 702; Voorhoeve, 1979: 272


Vouchers

Jansen 2080 (BR, MO, WAG); Versteegh 804 (WAG)


Common Name(s)

Kglo-glu (Gio) lovoa (dibetou) (Liberian english/ local name/ trade name) Koutue (Krahn) Blitueh (Sapo)


Notes

A tall tree most common in the moist semi-deciduous forest, rarely in the rainforest, to 50 m high and 180 cm Ø but usually around 80 cm Ø. Base variable, swollen with heavy root swellings, root spurs, low buttresses or occasionally well-developed buttresses, especially on steeper slopes. The bark of younger specimens has often a zigzag pattern of smooth grey strips, alternating with rough, lenticellate brown bark. Slash brittle-fibrous outside, pinkish light brown, soon turning darker on exposure; it has a strong cedar scent and straight ripple marks. Other trees with this cedar scent, Leplaea (= Guarea), Turraeanthus, Beilschmiedia, have no ripple marks. Younger trees with paler strips of dilatation tissue under the rough bark zones. Leaves pari-pinnate, clustered; leaflets opposite with many pairs of laterals; petiole narrowly winged, flattened above; rachis narrowly winged. Fruit capsule 6 – 10 cm long, purplish black, opening from simultaneously from the top and the base with 5 valves. See also PROTA database.

Trichilia ornithothera

Trichilia ornithothera


Meliaceae


Habit

Tree


Fern

No


Predominant Habitat

Forest


Geographic Distribution

Upper Guinean Forest


IUCN Red-List

Vulnerable


Synonyms

Trichilia heudelotii var. zenkeri


Author (Species)

J.J.de Wilde


Rank

-


Taxon

-


Author (Sub Species/Variant)

-


Literature

Med.LHW 68-2: 122


Vouchers

Jongkind 5441 (WAG); Leeuwenberg 4888 (BR, K, WAG)


Common Name(s)

Not Known


Notes

Small or medium-sized tree of the rainforest and moist semi-deciduous forest, mostly in old secondary forest or where the high forest has been disturbed, like road sides; to 20 m high and 30 cm Ø. It seems to prefer wet situations. Base sometimes with low buttresses, or straight. Bark smooth, grayish green or brown; slash creamy white, soon turning pale brown, with a cedar smell. Presence of latex unknown. Leaves imparipinnate with 8 – 9 pairs of sub-)opposite leafelts. Fruits a 2- (rarely 3-) chambered, clearly stalked, pear-shaped capsule of 1.5 – 2 cm long, pinkish grey or purplish when ripe, opening with 2 valves; 2 seeds in each chamber, for 4/5 covered with an bright orange-red aril; birds are attracted to the seeds and locals put up lime twigs in the crown to catch birds (hence the name ‘ornithothera’, or bird catcher). This tree may resemble T. monadelpha which, however, has 4 – 6 pairs of leaflets and 3-chambered fruits, whereas T. ornithothera had 8 – 9 pairs of leaflets and 2-chambered seeds. Syn.: Trichilia heudelotii var. zenkeri.

Leplaea adenopunctata

Leplaea adenopunctata


Meliaceae


Habit

Tree


Fern

No


Predominant Habitat

Forest


Geographic Distribution

Liberia


IUCN Red-List

Vulnerable


Synonyms

Guarea thompsonii


Author (Species)

E.J.M.Koenen & J.J.de Wilde


Rank

-


Taxon

-


Author (Sub Species/Variant)

-


Literature

Pl. Ecol. Evol. 145: 213


Vouchers

Nimba Bot. Team DB 1560 (WAG); Voorhoeve 752 (WAG)


Common Name(s)

Not Known


Notes

Widespread, inconspicuous sub-canopy tree with short, thick buttresses when mature. Can be a big tree with deeply fluted bole. Bark grey to purplish dark brown, scaly with rectangular scales leaving reddish mussel-shell markings. Slash pale brown or yellowish, granular or fibrous, not fragrant or only slightly so, exuding slowly a small quantity of white latex turning brown. Very few trees with pinnate leaves have some latex, in Trichilia tessmannii it is yellowish, in Trichoscypha arborea the leaves are clustered. Leaves pinnate, the leaflets mostly alternate or sub-opposite, with many brown spots below. Fruit a globular capsule of 3.5 – 4 cm Ø, glabrous but with pustules, opening with 2 – 3 valves. In a recent revision of the South American genus Guarea it was made credible that the African species of Guarea actually belong to an African genus, Leplaea. Therefore Guarea thompsonii is now a synonym of Leplaea thompsonii. See also PROTA database.

Entandrophragma utile

Entandrophragma utile


Meliaceae


Habit

Tree


Fern

No


Predominant Habitat

Forest


Geographic Distribution

Liberia


IUCN Red-List

Vulnerable


Synonyms

-


Author (Species)

(Dawe & Sprague ) Sprague


Rank

-


Taxon

-


Author (Sub Species/Variant)

-


Literature

FWTA 1: 700; Flore Mt Nimba 2: 820


Vouchers

Jansen 2075 (BR, MO, WAG); Versteegh 802 (WAG)


Common Name(s)

Not Known


Notes

Once used to be the “King of the Forest” with some trees to 60 m high and 250 cm Ø. It was the commonest of the four Entandrophragma species, found both in the semi-deciduous forest and penetrating into the rainforest, but not as far as E. angolense. The base of the tree with well-developed buttresses that do not spread out like E. angolense. Bark grey, sometimes yellowish on the buttresses, longitudinally grooved, thick, with long, thin bark plates. Slash fibrous, red or pinkish on the outside, paler inside, not fragrant, with faint ripple marks. Leaves clustered at the end of the twigs, hence the resemblance of the tree with Canarium and Amphimas; leaflets sub-opposite, with tuft domatia in axil of laterals. Fruit a woody capsule, rounded at the top, opening from the top with 5 thick, woody valves; seeds winged. See also PROTA database.