Pouteria altissima

Pouteria altissima


Sapotaceae


Habit

Tree


Fern

No


Predominant Habitat

Forest


Geographic Distribution

Liberia (likely to occur)


IUCN Red-List

Lower Risk


Synonyms

Aningeria altissima


Author (Species)

(A.Chevalier) Baehni


Rank

-


Taxon

-


Author (Sub Species/Variant)

-


Literature

Pennington, 1991: 203


Vouchers

-


Common Name(s)

Not Known


Notes

Very large tree of the drier semi deciduous forest, to 40 m tall and 100 cm Ø (or more?). Base of the tree with very large buttresses; bark light grayish, with longitudinal folds; slash pale yellow – pink, exuding only a little latex. Leaves smaller than those of P. alnifolia, 8 – 15 x 4 – 6 cm, with ± 15 pairs of laterals that reach the margin, with conspicuous long orange hairs on the laterals; venation ± scalariform. Fruits olive-shaped, containing 1 seed. See also PROTA database.

Delpydora gracilis

Delpydora gracilis


Sapotaceae


Habit

Shrub


Fern

No


Predominant Habitat

Forest


Geographic Distribution

Liberia


IUCN Red-List

Not assessed


Synonyms

-


Author (Species)

A.Chevalier


Rank

-


Taxon

-


Author (Sub Species/Variant)

-


Literature

FWTA 2: 25


Vouchers

Jongkind 5320 (WAG); Leeuwenberg 4883 (WAG)


Common Name(s)

Not Known


Notes

-

Chrysophyllum perpulchrum

Chrysophyllum perpulchrum


Sapotaceae


Habit

Tree


Fern

No


Predominant Habitat

Forest


Geographic Distribution

Liberia


IUCN Red-List

Not assessed


Synonyms

-


Author (Species)

Mildbraed ex Hutch. & Dalziel


Rank

-


Taxon

-


Author (Sub Species/Variant)

-


Literature

FWTA 2: 28


Vouchers

Adam 27779 (WAG); Voorhoeve 923 (WAG)


Common Name(s)

Bai-tu (Krahn)


Notes

Big tree characteristic for the semi-deciduous forest, to 30 m and 100 cm Ø; long straight and cylindrical stem with a thickened to fluted base; bark with longitudinal fissures; dense crown with characteristic red-brown leaves. Slash brown with lighter stripes, slowly exuding a milky white latex. Fruits round, tomentose with reddish hairs. See also PROTA database.

Chrysophyllum pruniforme

Chrysophyllum pruniforme


Sapotaceae


Habit

Tree


Fern

No


Predominant Habitat

Forest


Geographic Distribution

Liberia


IUCN Red-List

Not assessed


Synonyms

-


Author (Species)

Pierre ex Engler


Rank

-


Taxon

-


Author (Sub Species/Variant)

-


Literature

FWTA 2: 26


Vouchers

Jongkind 5645 (WAG); Voorhoeve 70 (WAG)


Common Name(s)

Not Known


Notes

Tall tree of the rain forest, to 30 m and 80 cm Ø; bole long and straight; bark blackish, grooved and scaly; slash thin, fibrous, yellowish/reddish. Leaves simple, alternate, with numerous fine, straight laterals joining a sub-marginal nerve. Ripe fruits with flattened base, about 5 cm long and 4cm Ø, yellowish. There is a liana with leaves very similar to C. pruniforme: C. welwitschii. See also PROTA database.

Inhambanella guereensis

Inhambanella guereensis


Sapotaceae


Habit

Tree


Fern

No


Predominant Habitat

Forest


Geographic Distribution

Liberia (near endemic)


IUCN Red-List

Not assessed


Synonyms

Kantou guereensis


Author (Species)

(Aubréville & Pellegrin) Pennington


Rank

-


Taxon

-


Author (Sub Species/Variant)

-


Literature

Pennington, 1991: 142


Vouchers

Harley 2049 (K)


Common Name(s)

Not Known


Notes

Can grow into a very big tree, to 50 m tall; rare, found in the wet evergreen forest of Liberia and SW Ivory Coast. Base with heavy root swellings or large buttresses. Bark scaly with longitudinal fissures; slash thin, brown outside, white inside, mottled orange, exuding white latex. Leaf clustered at end of branchlets, with a petiole of 3 – 6 cm, rounded or emarginate top (but acute in shade leaves). Fruits globular, about 8 cm across, bright red, often 1-seeded in a thick pulp. Syn.: Kantou guereensis.

Tieghemella heckelii

Tieghemella heckelii


Sapotaceae


Habit

Tree


Fern

No


Predominant Habitat

Forest


Geographic Distribution

Liberia


IUCN Red-List

Endangered


Synonyms

Dumoria heckelii, Mimusops heckelii


Author (Species)

Pierre ex A.Chevalier


Rank

-


Taxon

-


Author (Sub Species/Variant)

-


Literature

FWTA 2: 21


Vouchers

Versteegh 818 (WAG); de Wilde 3689 (WAG)


Common Name(s)

Not Known


Notes

An emergent tree of the rainforest, to 50 m tall and 200 cm Ø. The base of the tree has very heavy, spreading root swellings, narrow buttresses or butt flares. The base is often swollen, perhaps because elephants like to rub their skin against the rough bark. Bark very dark, deeply grooved. Slash fairly thick, fibrous but brittle, red but more pink close to the cambium, exuding a sticky white latex. Leaves simple, alternate, clustered, with numerous laterals, indistinct or slightly raised beneath. Fruit a large, smooth berry, yellow when ripe, 8 – 10 x 5 – 8 cm, containing 1 – 3 seeds in a yellowish pulp; seeds partly smooth, partly knobbly. The fruits are eaten by elephants who thus distribute the seeds. See also PROTA database. Syn.: Dumoria heckelii/Mimusops heckelii.

Manilkara obovata

Manilkara obovata


Sapotaceae


Habit

Tree


Fern

No


Predominant Habitat

Forest


Geographic Distribution

Liberia


IUCN Red-List

Not assessed


Synonyms

Manilkara lacera, sylvestris, Mimusops multinervis


Author (Species)

(Sabine & G.Don) Hemsley


Rank

-


Taxon

-


Author (Sub Species/Variant)

-


Literature

FWTA 2: 20


Vouchers

Adames 426 (K, WAG); de Wilde 3803 (WAG)


Common Name(s)

Not Known


Notes

A very variable species: small and very branchy trees in the gallery forests, big trees or small gnarled trees of river sides, and tall trees of the rain forest. This diversity gave rise to many different names (synonyms) but it is all one species. In the high forest it can be a tree of 40 m tall and up to 90 cm Ø. Young trees with root swellings or low buttresses, developing into narrow buttresses. Bark of younger trees with deep slits, becoming deeply grooved on older trees, thin-scaly or bark decaying on the stem, pale or dark brown. Slash thick and fibrous, pinkish red towards the outside, pale pink on the inside, exuding a sticky white latex. Older specimens may look somewhat like Tieghemella heckelii, which lacks the distinct buttresses. Leaves simple, alternate, ± clustered, very characteristic with many straight, parallel nerves. Fruit 1.5 – 2.5 x 1 – 1.5 cm big, orange berries, containing 2 – 3 seeds. Syn.: Manilkara lacera, sylvestris, multinervis, welwitschii; Mimusops multinervis, obovata.

Synsepalum revolutum

Synsepalum revolutum


Sapotaceae


Habit

Tree


Fern

No


Predominant Habitat


Geographic Distribution


IUCN Red-List


Synonyms

Vincentella revoluta, V. camerounensis


Author (Species)

(Baker) T.D.Pennington


Rank


Taxon


Author (Sub Species/Variant)


Literature


Vouchers


Common Name(s)


Notes

Small tree to 20 m high, of river borders or wet, rocky sites. Leaves with an undulate margin, a rounded acute tip, 12 – 14 pairs of laterals, and persistent, 1 – 2 cm long stipules. Syn.: Vincentella revoluta, V. camerounensis.

Neolemonniera clitandrifolia

Neolemonniera clitandrifolia


Sapotaceae


Habit

Tree


Fern

No


Predominant Habitat

Forest


Geographic Distribution

Upper Guinean Forest


IUCN Red-List

Endangered


Synonyms

Lemonniera clitandrifolia


Author (Species)

(A.Chevalier) Heine


Rank

-


Taxon

-


Author (Sub Species/Variant)

-


Literature

FWTA 2: 19


Vouchers

Cooper 311 (K); Voorhoeve 1101 (WAG)


Common Name(s)

Not Known


Notes

Can grow into a large tree of the rain forest, to 35 m tall and 80 cm Ø. Bark smooth, even in older trees, shedding small, thin bark scales; slash reddish or red-orange, rather thin, exuding a copious white latex. Leaves nearly in whorls, at least at the end of the twigs, with small stipules, 7 – 15 x 2.5 – 5 cm on flowering twigs but much larger on sterile shoots, to 35 cm long; nodes markedly swollen. Fruit rounded, 7 – 8 cm, the seeds 3 – 5 cm. Tree similar in habit to Neolemonniera batesii, which has bigger leaves and may not be a separate species but a form with bigger leaves, limited to the wettest parts of the rainforest. Syn.: Lemonniera clitandrifolia.

Aubregrinia taiensis

Aubregrinia taiensis


Sapotaceae


Habit

Tree


Fern

No


Predominant Habitat

Forest


Geographic Distribution

Liberia (likely to occur)


IUCN Red-List

Critically Endangered


Synonyms

Endotricha taiensis


Author (Species)

(Aubréville & Pellegrin) Heine


Rank

-


Taxon

-


Author (Sub Species/Variant)

-


Literature

FWTA 2: 24


Vouchers

-


Common Name(s)

Not Known


Notes

Rare, straight, low buttressed tree with a thick, rough, vertically ribbed bark; slash pale orange with whiter stripes, with white latex. Leaf bearing twigs sometimes hollow. Petiole to 4 cm long; lamina 8 – 25 x 5 – 10 cm, oblong/obovate, with rounded top; 5 – 9 pairs of laterals. Fine venation prominent on both surfaces. Big yellowish green fruits of about 8 x 6.5 cm, 8-lobed, containing 8 flattened, brown seeds, 5.5 x 3 x 2 cm, the ventral scar concave, from top to bottom. Syn.: Endotricha taiensis.