Triplochiton scleroxylon

Triplochiton scleroxylon


Sterculiaceae


Habit

Tree


Fern

No


Predominant Habitat

Forest


Geographic Distribution

Liberia


IUCN Red-List

Least Concern


Synonyms

-


Author (Species)

K.Schum.


Rank

-


Taxon

-


Author (Sub Species/Variant)

-


Literature

FWTA 1: 313; Flore Mt Nimba 1: 427


Vouchers

Jansen 1773 (BR, MO, WAG); Voorhoeve 1308 (WAG)


Common Name(s)

Lou (Gio) Polu (Krahn) obeche (sambawawa) (Liberian english/ local name/ trade name)


Notes

Very tall tree of the drier forest zones, to 50 m and 1.8 m Ø. Younger trees with a deep, conical crown, more spreading and rounded in older trees. Branches in pseudo whorls. Stem straight, a bit angular, with narrow buttresses. Bark thick with numerous lenticels, scaly in older trees. Slash dark brown on the outside, light yellowish brown on the inside, in interlocked tangential layers, darkening on exposure, with fine ripple marks. Leaves characteristically palmately lobed with (3) 5 (7) lobes, incised halfway the blade. Ring scars at nodes. Fruits are winged, spreading by wind. See also PROTA database.

Cola buntingii

Cola buntingii


Sterculiaceae


Habit

Tree


Fern

No


Predominant Habitat

Forest


Geographic Distribution

Liberia (near endemic)


IUCN Red-List

Not assessed


Synonyms

-


Author (Species)

Baker f.


Rank

-


Taxon

-


Author (Sub Species/Variant)

-


Literature

FWTA 1: 326


Vouchers

Jongkind 7005 (WAG); Versteegh 777 (WAG)


Common Name(s)

Not Known


Notes

Small, low branched tree or shrub with big digitate, clustered leaves; each leaflet with normal petiolule and entire margin; young parts covered in chocolate brown stellate hairs. Wet evergreen forests. A tree to 10 m high with an uneven bole; in the undergrowth of the evergreen forest. Sap wood grey, heart-wood orange-brown. Used in Liberia for hut-construction.The fruit-pulp is reported edible (Bush kola).

Cola sp.F

Cola sp.F


Sterculiaceae


Habit

Shrub


Fern

No


Predominant Habitat

Forest


Geographic Distribution

Liberia


IUCN Red-List

Not assessed


Synonyms

-


Author (Species)

-


Rank

-


Taxon

-


Author (Sub Species/Variant)

-


Literature

FWTA 1: 332


Vouchers

Baldwin 11476 (K)


Common Name(s)

Not Known


Notes

-

Cola angustifolia

Cola angustifolia


Sterculiaceae


Habit

Tree


Fern

No


Predominant Habitat

Forest


Geographic Distribution

Liberia (near endemic)


IUCN Red-List

Not assessed


Synonyms

-


Author (Species)

K.Schum.


Rank

-


Taxon

-


Author (Sub Species/Variant)

-


Literature

FWTA 1: 329


Vouchers

Adam 21436 (K); Jongkind 6804 (WAG)


Common Name(s)

Not Known


Notes

Small or medium sized tree with blackish, vertically grooved twigs with lens-shaped white lenticels. Hairs, when present, often stellate. Leaf with a short petiole and 5 – 7 pairs of laterals.

Cola sp. nov.

Cola sp. nov.


Sterculiaceae


Habit

Tree


Fern

No


Predominant Habitat


Geographic Distribution


IUCN Red-List


Synonyms


Author (Species)


Rank


Taxon


Author (Sub Species/Variant)

ined.


Literature


Vouchers

CJ10147


Common Name(s)


Notes

Possibly an unrecorded species, very similar to Cola nitida but the fruits are not eaten because they are “tasteless”.

Waltheria indica

Waltheria indica


Sterculiaceae


Habit

Shrub


Fern

No


Predominant Habitat

Cultivated Areas


Geographic Distribution

Liberia


IUCN Red-List

Not assessed


Synonyms

-


Author (Species)

L.


Rank

-


Taxon

-


Author (Sub Species/Variant)

-


Literature

FWTA 1: 319


Vouchers

de Gier 126 (WAG); Jansen 2413 (BR, K, WAG)


Common Name(s)

Not Known


Notes

-

Cola nitida

Cola nitida


Sterculiaceae


Habit

Tree


Fern

No


Predominant Habitat

Forest


Geographic Distribution

Liberia


IUCN Red-List

Not assessed


Synonyms

-


Author (Species)

(Vent.) Schott. & Endl.


Rank

-


Taxon

-


Author (Sub Species/Variant)

-


Literature

FWTA 1: 329


Vouchers

Bos 2208 (K, WAG); van Meer 154 (WAG)


Common Name(s)

Weatue (Sapo)


Notes

Small understory tree to 12 m, rarely more, with a short, straight, slender bole to 60 cm Ø, and spreading crown. Bark dark brown fissured, pitted, often decaying on the tree; slash pale pink with orange, soft fibrous streaks, darkening after exposure. Its presence in the forest often indicating an old village site. Fruit carpels green and shiny, knobbly, to 13 cm long, conspicuously beaked; 6 – 8 edible seeds in each carpel (kola nuts). Tree often planted. See also PROTA database.

Sterculia rhinopetala

Sterculia rhinopetala


Sterculiaceae


Habit

Tree


Fern

No


Predominant Habitat

Forest


Geographic Distribution

Liberia (likely to occur)


IUCN Red-List

Not assessed


Synonyms

-


Author (Species)

-


Rank

-


Taxon

-


Author (Sub Species/Variant)

-


Literature

-


Vouchers

-


Common Name(s)

Not Known


Notes

Tall tree of the semi deciduous forests, reaching 80 cm Ø, with high buttresses. Bark scaly, thin; slash fibrous, red with cream lines, darkening, bitter. Leaves grouped at the end of the twigs, with a long petiole of (2) 5 – 10 cm; the blade 10 – 30 x 4 – 16 cm, rounded to slightly cordate at base, with 10 – 15 pairs of laterals, not strongly 3-nerved at base. Tuft domatia in the nerve axils. Fruit composed of a few free carpels 5 – 6 x 2.5 – 3 cm, a bit tomentose outside, each with 7 – 9 bright red seeds when ripe. The carpels open on the tree and the seeds hang out on short stalks of 1.5 cm. Wood with storied structure: ripple marks visible (?). See also PROTA database.

Cola boxiana

Cola boxiana


Sterculiaceae


Habit

Tree


Fern

No


Predominant Habitat

Forest


Geographic Distribution

Upper Guinean Forest


IUCN Red-List

Not assessed


Synonyms

-


Author (Species)

Brenan & Keay


Rank

-


Taxon

-


Author (Sub Species/Variant)

-


Literature

FWTA 1: 329


Vouchers

Blyden 84 (WAG); de Koning 443 (WAG)


Common Name(s)

Not Known


Notes

Small cauliflorous tree to 16 m, both in montane forest (Nimba) and lowland forest; twigs slender and rounded. Leaves simple, alternate; petiole jointed at both ends, with some stellate hairs close to the blade.

Cola caricifolia

Cola caricifolia


Sterculiaceae


Habit

Tree


Fern

No


Predominant Habitat

Forest


Geographic Distribution

Upper Guinean Forest


IUCN Red-List

Not assessed


Synonyms

-


Author (Species)

(G.Don) K.Schum.


Rank

-


Taxon

-


Author (Sub Species/Variant)

-


Literature

FWTA 1: 328


Vouchers

Baldwin 10032 (K, WAG); Jongkind 6080 (WAG)


Common Name(s)

Not Known


Notes

Shrub or small,little-branched tree; twigs often hollow; tree to 10 m high and 15 cm Ø. Young twigs and leaves densely brown hirsute. Leaves big, with a petiole up to 30 cm , with 5 or more strong basal nerves, cordate, deeply lobed, the lobes deeply dissected and with big teeth on shade leaves, less so on sun leaves. Fruit with 6 – 8 orange-red pubescent carpels, spreading star-like, each 8 – 10 cm long and 1.5 – 2 cm thick, each with 8 – 12 seeds.