Cola attiensis

Cola attiensis


Sterculiaceae


Habit

Tree


Fern

No


Predominant Habitat


Geographic Distribution


IUCN Red-List


Synonyms


Author (Species)

Aubrév. & Pellegr.


Rank


Taxon


Author (Sub Species/Variant)


Literature


Vouchers


Common Name(s)


Notes

Shrub or small understory tree of the rainforest, to 10 cm Ø. Leaf with a petiole of 1 – 8 cm, lamina 12 – 26 x 5 – 10 cm, with minute white scales below. 10 – 15 pairs of laterals, prominent on both sides. Long petiole jointed at both ends. Young parts with soft, dense, orange hairs. Fruit cauliflorous, in bundles of globular, pointed carpels of 1.5 cm on stalks of about 2 cm, glabrous.

Nesogordonia papaverifera

Nesogordonia papaverifera


Sterculiaceae


Habit

Tree


Fern

No


Predominant Habitat

Forest


Geographic Distribution

Liberia


IUCN Red-List

Vulnerable


Synonyms

-


Author (Species)

(A.Chevalier) R.Capuron


Rank

-


Taxon

-


Author (Sub Species/Variant)

-


Literature

FWTA 1: 313; Voorhoeve, 1979: 23


Vouchers

Voorhoeve 758 (WAG); Voorhoeve V (WAG)


Common Name(s)

danta (kotibe) (Liberian english/ local name/ trade name)


Notes

A fairly rare tree of the drier forest types, often on rocky sites, not in swamps, often in company of Piptadeniastrum and Cordia platythyrsa, and Terminalia ivorensis. It can be a big tree to 40 m and 1.5 m Ø, with a very long, slightly angular stem and high buttresses; crown small and dense, the branches somewhat whorled. Base with low, sharp, thin buttresses, sometimes reaching much higher up the stem. Bark shaggy, with a green underbark and pale pink slash with lighter stripes of dilatation tissue, quickly discoloring, layered and fibrous, easily stripped off; ripple marks due to storied wood rays. Leaves simple, alternate, slightly tufted. Fruits elegantly bell-shaped, with winged seeds (not to be confused with those of Anopyxis klaineana). See also PROTA database. Syn.: Nesogordonia kabingaensis (in PROTA)/Cistanthera papaverifera.

Cola baldwinnii

Cola baldwinnii


Sterculiaceae


Habit

Tree


Fern

No


Predominant Habitat


Geographic Distribution


IUCN Red-List


Synonyms


Author (Species)

C. Jongkind


Rank


Taxon


Author (Sub Species/Variant)


Literature


Vouchers


Common Name(s)


Notes

A new understorey tree species of high forest from central Liberia to southeastern Guinée (‘Guinée Forestière’) and eastern Sierra Leone. Tree up to 5 m high and 25 cm diameter. Leaves alternate, entire, often crowded at the end of a shoot; petiole 0.3 -10 cm long, pulvinate at both ends, often with remnants of dense stellate indumentum; leaf blade simple, obovate to elliptic, 2 – 29 cm long and 1 -10 cm wide, coriaceous, glabrous above and below, midrib raised above and below, 6 -10 pair of main lateral nerves, tertiary nervation reticulate below; base attenuate to rounded but usually very arrowly so; apex acuminate. Stipules up to 7 mm long, subulate. Flowers not yet seen. Fruits ripening amongst the leaves, young fruits with a thin but closed layer of pale hairs, mature fruit indehiscent, red, with easy to remove, open, dark-brownish, stellate indumentum, 2 to 11 follicles; follicles almost round in cross-section, 3 -4 × 2 × 2 cm, with usually inconspicuous beak and slightly ridged suture line; stipe 5 -16 mm long, flattened; 5 -7 seeds, succulent testa white on the outside and very dark on the inside. Note: The strong differences in blade size and petiole length within an individual branchlet evidently keep the leaves at the end of a shoot from being shaded by one another

Cola heterophylla

Cola heterophylla


Sterculiaceae


Habit

Shrub


Fern

No


Predominant Habitat

Forest


Geographic Distribution

Liberia


IUCN Red-List

Not assessed


Synonyms

-


Author (Species)

(P.Beauv.) Schott. & Endl.


Rank

-


Taxon

-


Author (Sub Species/Variant)

-


Literature

FWTA 1: 328


Vouchers

Jansen 1782 (BR, MO, WAG); van Harten 169 (HBG, K, WAG)


Common Name(s)

Not Known


Notes

Shrub or small tree to 8 m tall; twigs brown, often with ridges, glabrous or sometimes with hairs at the end. Leaves very variable, with triangular, caducous stipules; petiole 10 – 35 cm long, jointed at both ends; blade very variable, oval, elliptic, obovate, or three-lobed, to 30 cm long and 10 cm wide. Fruits 3.5 – 7 cm long, beaked, red-orange.

Scaphopetalum amoenum

Scaphopetalum amoenum


Sterculiaceae


Habit

Tree


Fern

No


Predominant Habitat

Forest


Geographic Distribution

Upper Guinean Forest


IUCN Red-List

Not assessed


Synonyms

-


Author (Species)

A.Chevalier


Rank

-


Taxon

-


Author (Sub Species/Variant)

-


Literature

FWTA 1: 315


Vouchers

Linder 1379 (WAG); de Wilde 3826 (WAG)


Common Name(s)

Not Known


Notes

Shrub or small tree in the forest understory, with a twisted stem and overhanging branches that, when touching the ground, root to make new shoots, thus creating local thickets under which nothing else can grow. Leaves big, 12 – 25 x 6 – 10 cm with 12 – 15 pairs of laterals, the lowest pair rising from the base (vaguely 3-nerved); venation scalariform; blade with silvery scales beneath. Fruit a small finely hairy capsule of 1.5 cm, with a persistent calyx.

Cola acuminata

Cola acuminata


Sterculiaceae


Habit

Tree


Fern

No


Predominant Habitat


Geographic Distribution


IUCN Red-List


Synonyms


Author (Species)

(P.Beauv.) Schott & Endl.


Rank


Taxon


Author (Sub Species/Variant)


Literature


Vouchers


Common Name(s)


Notes

Often a planted tree, similar to Cola nitida but with narrower leaves; fruits used as Cola nitida; most likely introduced because native in Togo and further east. Note the joints at both ends of the petiole, common to many Cola species.

Leptonychia pubescens

Leptonychia pubescens


Sterculiaceae


Habit

Tree


Fern

No


Predominant Habitat

Forest


Geographic Distribution

Liberia (likely to occur)


IUCN Red-List

Not assessed


Synonyms

-


Author (Species)

Keay


Rank

-


Taxon

-


Author (Sub Species/Variant)

-


Literature

-


Vouchers

-


Common Name(s)

Not Known


Notes

Shrub or small tree to 6 m, mostly in the deciduous forest. Young twigs rusty pubescent; petiole pubescent with stellate hairs; margin entire; blade 3-nerved at base, the basal nerves thick like the other laterals, 4 – 6 pairs of looping laterals with pit domatia.

Cola baldwinii

Cola baldwinii


Sterculiaceae


Habit

Tree


Fern

No


Predominant Habitat

Forest


Geographic Distribution

Liberia (near endemic)


IUCN Red-List

Not assessed


Synonyms

-


Author (Species)

Jongkind


Rank

-


Taxon

-


Author (Sub Species/Variant)

-


Literature

to be published


Vouchers

Jongkind 10277 (WAG)


Common Name(s)

Not Known


Notes

A new understorey tree species of high forest from central Liberia to southeastern Guinée (‘Guinée Forestière’) and eastern Sierra Leone. Tree up to 5 m high and 25 cm diameter. Leaves alternate, entire, often crowded at the end of a shoot; petiole 0.3 -10 cm long, pulvinate at both ends, often with remnants of dense stellate indumentum; leaf blade simple, obovate to elliptic, 2 – 29 cm long and 1 -10 cm wide, coriaceous, glabrous above and below, midrib raised above and below, 6 -10 pair of main lateral nerves, tertiary nervation reticulate below; base attenuate to rounded but usually very arrowly so; apex acuminate. Stipules up to 7 mm long, subulate. Flowers not yet seen. Fruits ripening amongst the leaves, young fruits with a thin but closed layer of pale hairs, mature fruit indehiscent, red, with easy to remove, open, dark-brownish, stellate indumentum, 2 to 11 follicles; follicles almost round in cross-section, 3 -4 × 2 × 2 cm, with usually inconspicuous beak and slightly ridged suture line; stipe 5 -16 mm long, flattened; 5 -7 seeds, succulent testa white on the outside and very dark on the inside. Note: The strong differences in blade size and petiole length within an individual branchlet evidently keep the leaves at the end of a shoot from being shaded by one another.

Cola liberica

Cola liberica


Sterculiaceae


Habit

Tree


Fern

No


Predominant Habitat

Forest


Geographic Distribution

Liberia


IUCN Red-List

Not assessed


Synonyms

-


Author (Species)

Jongkind


Rank

-


Taxon

-


Author (Sub Species/Variant)

-


Literature

Blumea 49: 447


Vouchers

Jongkind 5521 (WAG); Jongkind 5681 (FHO, K, WAG)


Common Name(s)

Bobotueh (Sapo)


Notes

Small tree with somewhat whorled, elongate leaves, up to 30 cm long, with c. 18 pairs of laterals. Petiole jointed at both ends; young parts densely orange-brown hairy. Fruit carpels coarsely hairy.

Pterygota macrocarpa

Pterygota macrocarpa


Sterculiaceae


Habit

Tree


Fern

No


Predominant Habitat

Unclassified


Geographic Distribution

Liberia (likely to occur)


IUCN Red-List

Vulnerable


Synonyms

-


Author (Species)

-


Rank

-


Taxon

-


Author (Sub Species/Variant)

-


Literature

-


Vouchers

-


Common Name(s)

koto (ake) (Liberian english/ local name/ trade name)


Notes

An uncommon tree, preferring rocky slopes, often in small groups; tree to 35 m and 140 cm Ø. Crown small, dense, rounded; bole straight and cylindrical above sharp, thin buttresses with horizontal markings. Slash soft, peelable, pithy-fibrous, white or pale orange, with vertical streaks of orange, gritty flecks. Leaves often very large, 10 – 37 cm long, deeply cordate, with 3 pairs of basal laterals + 3 additional pairs along central midrib;venation lax scalariform;stellate hairs?;. Fruiting carpels 12 – 18 cm long, fronded on one side, containing winged seeds of 8 – 13 cm long. See also PROTA database.