Volunteering at SCC

 

Volunteering at SCC

Both long- and short- term volunteering opportunities exist at SCC for national and international applicants. At this initial stage the work of volunteers are vital to the growth of the Centre.

Volunteers are needed to help with coordinating the yearly bio-monitoring survey and to conduct trainings on community livelihood alternatives, particularly in permaculture and business management. Volunteers are also required to provide training to students and forest rangers in computer skills, data management and geographic information system (GIS) as well as ecological methods.

If you are interested in volunteering, please contact the SCC manager Dr. Mary Molokwu on Mary.Molokwu@fauna-flora.org

 

 

Information for researchers

Information for researchers


If you are interested in conducting your research at SCC, please do get in touch with the Center Manager if you have any questions (although also see our FAQ page). The formal application process is detailed below.

Applying for a place at SCC

A research proposal (max 5 A4 pages) should be sent to the Centre Manager at least three months prior to the proposed starting date of the research project for approval from the SCC Steering Committee. This proposal should include the following information:

  • The aim of the study and the methods of investigation to be used
  • Timing and duration of the study,
  • Equipment provided by the researcher,
  • Equipment/facilities/personnel sought from the Centre (including local expertise and field assistants)
  • Anticipated outputs and outcomes

The researcher will be alerted within 4 weeks of submission if accommodation and other research facilities are available at the time of the proposed research project.

The Centre will provide logistical and technical support as agreed to support the agreed research topic. In turn, the researcher will be expected to:

  • Keep the centre informed if there are any significant changes in the research proposal
  • Adhere to regulations on the use of Centre facilities (provided upon request from the Centre Manager)
  • Involve a national researcher in the research project, with a view to knowledge exchange, as part of SCC’s mentor scheme
  • Submit a detailed report at the end of the research project (If the research is conducted as part of thesis research, the thesis can be submitted)

More details on regulations on use of Centre facilities and other issues may be requested from the Centre Manager Dr Mary Molokwu on SCC@fauna-flora.org.

Training Opportunities

 

Training is a focus of the SCC, with the intent to build conservation capacity in Liberia. There are a range of training opportunities available to national and international applicants at the Sapo Conservaiton Centre:

Training of Trainers (ToT)
Field Course
Workshops and Seminars
Bio-monitoring course
Internships
Volunteer

Facilities and Fees

 

Facilities and Fees

The research centre will provide administrative and logistical support to students and researchers conducting research in Sapo and environs. A research centre office and camp site are available to researchers. The Research Centre consists of four offices, a store room and a small auditorium where lectures and meetings may be held. electricity is provided by a generator and internet facilities are available for specific periods of the day.The camp site, which serves as accommodation is made up of comfortable, insect screened tents mounted over platforms and shaded from the elements with kitchen and dining facilities provided. Bathroom facilities are basic but comfortable, featuring compost latrines.

If requested and prearranged, Meals can be provided by a camp site catering team. Laundry services can also be provided for a small fee.

Fees: To be confirmed. Please contact the Centre Manager in the interim.

 

FAQ

Who can come to Sapo Conservation Centre?
Researchers, students, Conservation professionals, school groups, research groups etc… 

Do volunteers get training?
Yes. Volunteers participate in tasks and workshops at the SCC and learn from practical as well as theoretical examples.

How do I apply to the SCC?
Email scc@fauna-flora.org with your details, i.e. what ado you want to do there: research, train, or volunteer.

I am not Liberian. Can I volunteer at the Sapo Conservation Centre?
Yes. International volunteers are welcome. An authentic experience in a Liberian rural setting awaits them.

I am a Liberian. Can I apply to do research at the Sapo Conservation Centre? 
Yes. Liberian researchers are welcome. Partnership opportunities are available if applicable.

How do I submit my picture of Liberian fauna/flora to the website? 

Email it to scc@fauna-flora.org with your name in the title line, and a description of the organism and location in the body.

As a graduating senior at a local University, what are my options at the SCC?
Internships and volunteer and training opportunities are available. Participation in ongoing projects is also a possibility.

I have a conservation-related question about Liberia that is not on the website or in these FAQs. Who do I do?
Email scc@fauna-flora.org with your question. If the answer is on the site, you may not receive a response.

Current Research Activities























Current Research Activities


Sapo Conservation Centre creates the environment and opportunity for researchers from within Liberia and all over the world to feel at home while exploring the region. In order to gain a deeper understanding of the unique environment of the Sapo area, a wide range of research topics are encouraged, covering biological, ecological, social or economic issues.

A report identifying knowledge gaps in the biodiversity of SNP has documented past research projects and future research opportunities and priorities in SNP. The report can be downloaded here.

Research conducted recently in the region include the following:

  • A 4 year camera trapping study in partnership with ZSL and the FDA to monitor changes in the community of ground dwelling terrestrial vertebrates designed and implemented. Results include the first picture of a Liberian Pygmy Hippopotamus (Choeropsis liberiensis) in the wild, and the first evidence of Liberian Mongoose in Sapo.
  • In partnership with the Department of research ecology at Wageningen University, vegetation mapping and botanical surveys have been conducted at Sapo National Park to provide an improved understanding of its botanical resources, whilst simultaneously improving national capacity for botanical surveying. One species of snail (Maizaniella sapoensis) and 17 botanical species new to science have so far been discovered.
  • A two year study on the West African Chimpanzee was recently completed by the Max-Planck Institute inside Sapo National Park.
  • A crocodilian study confirmed the presence of slender-snouted crocodiles (Mecistops cataphractus) and African Dwarf crocodiles (Osteolaemus tetraspis) in the Sapo region
  • Two butterfly surveys identified 244 species, of which 7 were new to Liberia and comprised one new to science.
  • Comprehensive analysis of the potential for developing alternatives to bushmeat hunting and trade in the livelihood portfolios of communities in the Sapo region
  • Study on non-timber forest products in communities around Sapo National Park
  • Study of historical and contemporary artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM) in and around Sapo National Park




























Threats

Threats


The major threats faced by Liberia’s wildlife are similar to those affecting other parts of West Africa. Human pressure on natural resources such as commercial logging of forest, clearance of land for agricultural and development purposes and mining activities, has caused considerable pressure on wildlife in the region.


While parts of Liberia have been declared protected, evidence suggests that poaching and illegal deforestation and mining activities are still occurring in these areas. Critical habitats, such as the Upper Guinean Forests in Liberia that support a number of endangered species, are becoming fragmented. Lack of law enforcement is considered a problem, although efforts are being made to address illegal activities in some areas (news link).

Collection for the pet trade and hunting for bushmeat threatens some of the charismatic mammals found in Liberia, such as the West African Chimpanzee. Hunting is attributed to the suspected extinction of the Miss Waldron’s Red Colobus monkey, and the current decline of other species, such as the Jentink’s Duiker.

A History of Liberian Conservation

 

By Alice Ramsey and Phillip Robinson

 

 

Liberia’s wildlife has attracted conservation interest for decades. While official moves towards conservation in Liberia were undertaken by the government as early as 1938, the first conservation legislation was the Forestry Act of 1953 which provided a mechanism through which national parks and reserves could be established. Subsequent amendments to this imposed restrictions on hunting.

In 1969, Dr Kai Curry-Lindahl, who set up an ecological research station at Mount Nimba in 1962, called for an urgent program of conservation to be implemented in Liberia, recognising that a lack of financial resources was limiting conservation in Liberia, rather than a lack of government interest. The1960s also brought IUCN advisor Dr. Jacques Verschuren to the country to consider potential areas for national parks and protected areas. The Forestry Development Authority (FDA), created in 1976, began a dialogue on wildlife conservation, with Alexander L. Peal appointed as the first head of wildlife and national parks in 1978. In the early 1980s Verschuren and Peal visited and carried out aerial surveillance of various forest regions in the country in efforts to determine the most likely locations to initiate the first national park projects, publishing their recommendations in 1983.

In 1981 and 1982, sponsored by the National Geographic Society and the Zoological Society of San Diego, Alexander Peal and Phillip Robinson conducted a park feasibility study which recommended the establishment of Sapo (Sarpo*) National Park, symbolically designating a site in Jarpukehn, Liberia as the Sapo National Park Research Station. In 1982, Peal and Robinson met personally with the Liberian head of state, Samuel K. Doe, to recruit his support for the establishment of Sapo National Park.

The Sapo National Park was officially designated in 1983 by a military decree. It was, and still is, managed by the FDA. Two civil wars between 1989 and 2003 all but halted nature conservation activities, although a number of small-scale conservation activities were carried out by national and international NGOs during this time, often in collaboration with the FDA. With the return of stability, conservation efforts again gathered pace once again. The year 2001 saw the launch of the Liberia Forest Reassessment (LFR) project, a multi-partner initiative which produced current information on Liberia’s forest cover conducting field visits of identified forest blocks to assess biological and socio-economic characteristics.

Concurrently, in 2002, the Government of Liberia signed a MOU with Conservation International pledging to set aside 30% of its remaining forests for conservation, including the creation of protected areas. This pledge was formalized in 2003 in the Act for the Establishment for a Protected Forest Area Network, leading to the expansion of Sapo National Park by 50,000 Ha (making its final size 180,400 Ha) and the formation of Liberiaâs second protected area- East Nimba Nature Reserve (ENNR) (13,500 Ha).

In 2007 an FDA-led workshop to discuss Liberia’s Protected Areas Network Strategy resulted in the testing the concept through the creation of three new proposed protected areas for Liberia, namely Lake Piso, Gola National Forest, and Wonegizi Forest, greatly supported by the World Banks Consolidation of Protected Area Network (COPAN) project. The Lake Piso Multiple Use Reserve (97,159 Ha) and Gola National Forest Park (780,000 Ha) have been gazetted. Cestos-Sankwehn and Grebo-Krahn were proposed in 2016.

To date (September 2018), the country five protected areas have been gazetted: Sapo National Park, East Nimba Nature Reserve, Lake Piso Multiple Use Reserve, Gola National Forest Park, and Grebo-Krahn National Park, and several others are on the verge of being protected. Attempts are being made to connect existing protected areas using existing forests between them.

Liberia currently has five Wetlands of International Importance designated under the Ramsar Convention on Wetlands. These cover Lake Piso, Gbedin, Kpatawee, Mesurado and Marshall wetlands. BirdLife International has designated one Endemic Bird Area (The Upper Guinea Forests) and nine Important Bird Areas (IBAs) across Liberia (including the Sapo National Park and several areas designated as National Forests). Mount Nimba was recently designated an Alliance for Zero Extinction Site . The Upper Guinea Rivers and Streams WWF Global 200 site which straddles the border of Liberia, is recognized as a critical region for freshwater conservation. The proposed protected area, Wonegezi Forest, is a pilot site for the Reduce Emissions caused by Deforestation and Degradation (REDD+) program in Liberia.

Liberia has ratified the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES), the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) and the Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals (CMS).

The FDA, aided by national and international partners, continues to work tirelessly to promote conservation in the Liberia, and to supply rangers for tireless patrol of these protected areas.

 

East Nimba Nature Reserve

East Nimba Nature Reserve


Covering 13,569 biodiverse hectares, East Nimba Nature Reserve (ENNR) was established on October the 10th, 2003. Located in the North of Liberia, the reserve borders both Cote d’Ivoire and Guinea, and covers much of Liberias share of the Mount Nimba Mountain range. Described in the 1960’s as the ‘richest forest area in Liberia’, the high density of iron ore in the area has resulted in high levels of extraction in the interceeding years, accompanied by serious environmental destruction. However, ENNR continues to protect high closed tropical forest and forms a strong hold for a number of species known to be endemic to the Nimba area, including the Nimba toad.

Threats to the considerable biodiversity in the region include on-going iron extraction in the area at a commercial scale and extraction of the reserves natural resources for both subsistance and commercial use, including bushmeat. Resource extraction in the area has resulted in the past in mountaintop removal, road construction, forest clearing and the creation of additional hunting pressure. There is also thought to be selective over-hunting of high value species in the area, including the West African Chimpanzee.

Sapo National Park

Sapo National Park

Location: Sinoe County, Liberia
Co-ordinates: 5°24’€²40.01’€³N 8°24’€²52.65’€³W / 5.4111139°N
Area: 180,400 hectares (1,804 km²)
Established: 1982

 

Sapo National Park is Liberia’€™s largest protected area of rainforest and its only national park. Named after the local Sapo (or Sao) tribe, the park was gazetted in 1983, covering an area of 1,308 km² (505 sq mi). The Sapo National Park Act (An Act for the extension of the Sapo National Park) on October 10, 2003 expanded the size of the park to 1,804 km² (697 sq mi).

Located in the Upper Guinean forest ecosystem, Sapo National Park consists entirely of lowland rainforest, including swampy areas, dryland and riparian forests. It represents one of – if not the most – intact forest ecosystem in Liberia. This lowland forest gives way to medium-altitude forest on the slopes and peaks of the Putu Mountain ridges just to the north of the Park. Satellite images analyses looking at the ‘€˜edge effect’€™ of roads and settlement have shown that the Park is at the core of the least disturbed forest in the country, and remains reasonably connected by forested corridors to several other forest blocks to the north, west and south-east
Containing some of the largest remaining intact blocks of the threatened Upper Guinean Forest, it provides a stronghold for several globally endangered species’€™ including the Pygmy Hippopotamus, the West African Chimpanzee and the Zebra Duiker. Yet there appears to be astounding amounts still to be discovered about this ecosystem, with six new plant species found in one 2009 botanical survey of Sapo National Park (SNP) alone. The park is bounded to the north by the Putu Mountains and to the west by the Sinoe River.

Throughout its history, Sapo National Park has been threatened by illegal farming, hunting, logging, and mining. In March 2005, an estimated 5,000 people lived in the park, according to the United Nations Mission in Liberia. Although efforts were undertaken to remove the illegal squatters, the park was not completely emptied until late August-early September 2005. Miners gradually returned to the park, however, drawn by its abundant natural resources. In 2010, an estimated 18,000 miners were thought to be living in the park, primarily to engage in artisanal gold mining. By October 2010, most were thought to have left the park voluntarily after an intensive awareness raising campaign by the government of Liberia.

The park’s topography is relatively homogeneous and flat. Elevations range from approximately 100 m (328 ft) in the southeast up to about 400 m (1,312 ft) in the north. Mount Putu’s 640 m (2,100 ft) summit is the highest elevation in the park. The park has a tropical climate, with temperatures ranging between 22’€“28 °C (72’€“82 °F). The forest’s average relative humidity is 91%. The park’s dry season occurs from November to April and the wet season lasts from May to October. January and December are the driest months in the park, and May and August are the wettest months. There is a mid-dry period of decreased rainfall in July, which occasionally extends into August.