Pygmy Hippopotamus

Pygmy Hippopotamus


Choeropsis liberiensis var. Hexaprotodon liberiensis


The Pygmy Hippo is very elusive. With the use of camera traps, it has been confirmed that the species still survives, despite extensive loss of habitat.


IUCN Red List status: Endangered [1] (updated on 03.02.11)

CITES: Appendix II [2]
(updated on 03.02.11)

Liberian Status: None [3]

Geographical Range: The species is thought to occur in Liberia, Sierra Leone, Guinea and Cote d’Ivoire.

Habitat and Ecology: The Pygmy Hippopotamus is solitary by nature and very elusive [4]. The species is semi-aquatic [4] and spends much of its time resting in swamps or rivers [5].

Threats: The species is considered to be in decline [4] and its distribution severely fragmented throughout its range [5]. With the use of camera traps, it has been confirmed that the pygmy hippotamus still survives [6]. The main threats to the species include logging, habitat loss, hunting, human settlement and political instability [4,5].The species is now listed as an Evolutionarily Distinct and Globally Endangered (EDGE) species under the EDGE of Existence programme.

References:

[1] IUCN 2010. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2010.4. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 28 February 2011.

[2] UNEP-WCMC. 27th February, 2011. UNEP-WCMC Species Database: CITES-Listed Species.

[3] The Government of Liberia’s Forest Development Authority. [online] Available at: <http://www.fda.gov.lr> [Accessed on: 01.02.11]

[4] Fauna & Flora website. Website address: <http://www.fauna-flora.org/species/pygmy-hippo/> [Accessed on: 27.02.11].

[5] Edge of Existence Programme. Zoological Society of London. Website address: <http://www.edgeofexistence.org/mammals/species_info.php?id=21> [Accessed on: 27.02.11]

[6] Zoological Society of London. Website address: <http://www.zsl.org/conservation/news/pygmy-hippos,437,NS.html> [Accessed on: 27.01.11].

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