Upper Guinean Forest
FWTA 1: 480
Leeuwenberg 4926 (WAG); Voorhoeve 847 (WAG
Gweh (Gio) african pine (Liberian english/ local name/ trade name)
A common tree in wet and drier high forest, to 30 m high and 80 cm Ø, often in company of Tetraberlinia. In drier regions becoming more shrubby, growing along streams but also forming gregarious stands on rocky sites. The base of the tree has sharp root spurs, or rounded claws, rarely small buttresses up to 75 cm. Bark on the buttresses conspicuously transversely striate. Bark on the fairly straight stem smooth, grey-greenish, superficially cracked, slightly horizontally striate-lenticellate. Slash hard fibrous, pale pink to pinkish red, slowly exuding a brown, sticky gum, used locally as a cosmetic. Leaves paripinnate with only 4 leaflets, the lower pair small, the upper pair falcate. New leaves in November bright red and glossy. Twigs with the pretty, small white flowers with their dark purple anthers often found under the tree at the time of flowering, March – July. Not to be confused with Hymenostegia afzelii, which has a winged rachis. See also PROTA database.