Upper Guinean Forest
FWTA 1: 463
Cooper 95 (K); Voorhoeve 753 (WAG)
faro (Liberian english/ local name/ trade name) Suway (Sapo)
A tall tree of the high forest, to 45 m high and 150 cm Ø; base of the tree straight or sometimes swollen with low root swellings that may extend into wide spreading surface roots. The stem is long and column-like, hardly tapering; crown fairly small, deltoid, flattened, fairly open. The tree has a taproot leaving a deep, round hole with straight edges after the tree dies, thus forming a treacherous trap for hunters. Bark ash-grey to yellowish grey, smooth but thin flaky, striate or warty with horizontal ridges of lenticels. Old trees may have heavy bark plates at the base, leaving oyster shell markings like Afzelia. Slash medium thick, compact-fibrous, bright brown – darker brown and brittle inside, more yellowish and brittle toward the outside; cambium nearly white. Ripple marks very conspicuous both in bark and wood, from which a fragrant resin exudes slowly. The tree is associated with water, but also on rocky slopes. New leaves brilliantly red, at the end of the flowering season. Due to its sophisticated construction one valve of the pod serves as a propeller that can carry the seed far from the mother tree; regeneration in secondary forest is not unusual. Daniellia thurifera is found more in the wet rain forest, D. ogea more in the semi-deciduous forest but both species occur together in the transition zone. Both species are hard to separate without the flowers: D. thurifera flowers red, D. ogea has bluish flowers; the pods are very similar. See also PROTA database.