Geography and climate

Geography and climate

Liberia lies on the west coast of Africa between Sierra Leone and Côte d’Ivoire with the north east area of the country bordering with Guinea. The diversity of topographic and climatic conditions in Liberia has generated a mosaic of habitat types which support a high diversity of wildlife.

Liberia’s diverse topography ranges from flat coastal lowlands to rolling hills further inland. Plateaus and low mountains lie to the north of the country with higher mountain ranges found close to the border with Guinea.

The majority of Liberia’s coastline is composed of sandy beaches, mangrove habitats and lagoons of fresh, brackish and saltwater. Lake Piso is the largest of these and of particular significance for wildlife. There are six major river systems, some of which originate as far north as Guinea and flow south-west through Liberia, to the coast. The western area of the Upper Guinean Forests, a region of tropical humid forest, lies in the mountainous region of Liberia and provides critical habitat for a range of species.

The rainy season extends from March to September with monsoon rains arriving from the south-west. During the dry season, hot north-eastern winds (known as the Harmattan winds) blow from the Saharra. Visit our Fauna and Flora webpages to find out more about the rich wildlife and unique species found in Liberia.

Posted in Sapo Conservation Centre.

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